BabyFeedingThe Pros and Cons of Pumping Before Birth

The Pros and Cons of Pumping Before Birth

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Pumping breast milk before birth has become increasingly popular among expectant moms and involves using a breast pump to express and collect milk during your pregnancy. This practice has its own set of benefits and drawbacks, which we describe in this article. Whether you are considering pumping before birth for medical reasons or personal choice, it is important to understand the pros and cons to make an informed decision for both you and your baby.

Benefits of pumping before birth

There are several benefits to pumping breast milk before the birth of your baby. First and foremost, it can help stimulate milk production. By expressing milk before your baby is born, you are sending signals to your body that there is a demand for milk. This can help establish a good milk supply once your baby arrives.

Additionally, pumping before birth can be beneficial if you anticipate any separation from your baby after delivery. Whether it is due to medical reasons or personal circumstances, having a supply of pumped breast milk can ensure that your baby still receives the benefits of breastfeeding even if you cannot nurse directly.

Another advantage is that it allows you to have a backup supply of breast milk. If you encounter any difficulties with breastfeeding once your baby is born, having a stash of pumped milk can provide a temporary solution while you work through any challenges.

We’ve written handy guides to:

10 Best breast pumps

6 Best portable breast pumps

Best hands-free breast pumps

6 Best rechargeable battery-operated breast pumps

Drawbacks of pumping before birth

While there are benefits to pumping before birth, there are also some drawbacks to consider. One potential drawback is the risk of premature labor. Some studies suggest that nipple stimulation from pumping can trigger contractions and potentially lead to preterm labor. It is important to consult with your healthcare provider before starting to pump while pregnant to ensure it is safe for you and your baby.

Another drawback is the time and effort involved in the process of pumping; it can be time-consuming, and it may require a significant commitment on your part. Additionally, some women may find pumping uncomfortable or even painful. It is essential to listen to your body and prioritize your comfort throughout the pumping process.

Lastly, there is the possibility of developing an oversupply of milk. Pumping before birth can sometimes lead to an overproduction of milk, which can be challenging to manage. It is important to be aware of this potential outcome and seek guidance from a lactation consultant if necessary.

When can I start pumping while pregnant?

The timing of when to start pumping while pregnant can vary for each individual. It is generally recommended to wait until the second trimester, around 14-20 weeks, before considering pumping. This is because the first trimester is a critical time for fetal development, and any interventions should be discussed with your healthcare provider.

Once you have reached the appropriate gestational age, you can start pumping if you choose to do so. However, it is crucial to remember that every pregnancy is unique, and what works for one person may not work for another. It is always advisable to consult with your healthcare provider before starting any pumping regimen while pregnant.

Factors to consider before pumping before birth

Before you begin pumping there are several factors to consider. First, assess your reasons for wanting to do this: Are you planning to return to work shortly after giving birth? Do you have any medical conditions that may affect your ability to breastfeed directly? Understanding your motivations can help you determine if pumping is the right choice for you.

Next, consider your overall health and wellbeing. Pregnancy can be physically demanding, and adding the task of pumping may add additional stress. It is important to prioritize self-care and ensure that pumping does not negatively impact your overall health.

Lastly, evaluate your support system. Having a strong support network in place can make a significant difference in your pumping journey. Whether it is your partner, family, or friends, having people who can assist with childcare or provide emotional support can be invaluable.

Tips for pumping before birth

If you decide to go ahead and starting to pump before giving birth, here are some tips to help you along the way:

  1. Invest in a high-quality breast pump: A good model can make a world of difference in your pumping experience. Look for one that is comfortable, efficient, and easy to use. Read our guide to choosing a breast pump
  2. Establish a pumping routine: Set a schedule for pumping that works for you and stick to it. Consistency is key when it comes to establishing and maintaining your milk supply. Read our guide to setting a pumping schedule
  3. Find a comfortable pumping space: Create a dedicated and comfortable space where you can relax and focus on pumping. This can help enhance your milk let-down reflex and make pumping more enjoyable.
  4. Stay hydrated and nourished: Drinking plenty of water and eating a balanced diet can help support your milk production. Remember to take care of yourself and prioritize self-care. Read our guide to milk production drinks
  5. Seek support: Reach out to other mothers who have pumped before birth or join online communities where you can find guidance and support. Sharing experiences and tips can make the journey more manageable.

How to store and handle pumped breast milk before birth

Proper storage and handling of pumped breast milk are essential to maintain its quality and safety. Here are some guidelines to follow:

  1. Use clean and sterilized containers: Make sure the containers you use to store breast milk are thoroughly cleaned and sterilized. This helps prevent the growth of bacteria.
  2. Label and date the containers: Clearly label each container with the date and time the milk was expressed. This ensures that you use the oldest milk first and helps you keep track of its freshness.
  3. Store breast milk in the refrigerator or freezer: Freshly pumped breast milk can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 4 days. If you want to store it for a longer period, transfer it to the freezer, where it can be kept for up to 6 months.
  4. Thaw frozen breast milk safely: When thawing frozen breast milk, do it gradually by placing the container in the refrigerator overnight. Avoid thawing breast milk at room temperature or using hot water, as this can destroy some of its beneficial properties.
  5. Use proper storage bags or containers: Invest in high-quality storage bags or containers specifically designed for breast milk. These should be leak-proof and made of materials that are safe for storing breast milk.

Pros and cons for the baby

Pumping breast milk before birth can have both pros and cons for the baby. On the positive side, it ensures that the baby receives the benefits of breast milk even if they are unable to nurse directly. Breast milk provides essential nutrients and antibodies that can help protect the baby from infections and promote healthy development.

However, there are also some potential drawbacks for the baby. One concern is the alteration in the composition of breast milk when pumped before birth. Breast milk produced during pregnancy, known as colostrum, is different from mature breast milk. By pumping before birth, the baby may miss out on the benefits of receiving colostrum during the first few days after delivery.

Another consideration is the potential impact on bonding and breastfeeding initiation. Skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding immediately after birth are crucial for establishing a strong bond between the mother and baby. Pumping before birth may delay or disrupt this process, which can have implications for bonding and breastfeeding success.

Pros and cons for the mother

Just as there are pros and cons for the baby, pumping before birth also has its advantages and disadvantages for the mother. On the positive side, pumping before birth can help mothers establish a good milk supply and increase their chances of successful breastfeeding. It can also provide a sense of empowerment and control over their breastfeeding journey.

However, there are also some potential drawbacks for the mother. Pumping can be time-consuming and demanding, especially when combined with the physical demands of pregnancy. It may also add stress and pressure to an already challenging time. Additionally, some women may find the process of pumping uncomfortable or even painful, which can impact their overall breastfeeding experience.


Pumping breast milk before birth is a personal decision that requires careful consideration of the pros and cons. While it can have benefits such as stimulating milk production and providing a backup milk supply, it also has drawbacks like the risk of premature labor and the time commitment involved. Ultimately, the decision to pump before birth should be based on individual circumstances and preferences. It is important to consult with your healthcare provider and seek support from lactation consultants or other breastfeeding resources to make an informed decision that is best for you and your baby.

If you are considering pumping breast milk before birth, take the time to gather all the necessary information and seek guidance from your doctor or healthcare professionals. Remember, every pregnancy and breastfeeding journey is unique, and what works for one person may not work for another. Make an informed decision that aligns with your personal circumstances and goals.

Written by

Anna Thornhill
Anna Thornhill
Anna is one of our expert writers and, as a mom of two lovely kids (a daughter and son), she has plenty of practical experience to draw on when writing guides and reviews. Anna writes about techniques she's used both during pregnancy and as a new mother, such as combination feeding, and guides to products that have made feeding and care of her kids a little easier.


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